The process of aluminum ingot production basically includes bauxite mining (aluminum raw material), bauxite refining to alumina, and then preparing strong aluminum based on alumina. Several key steps in the aluminum ingot production process can be examined:
1. bauxite mining: Bauxite is one of the main sources of aluminum. The bauxite extraction process includes steps such as drilling, crushing, and dewatering.
2. Bauxite refining: In this step, the extracted bauxite is refined until it becomes alumina. This process includes the use of various technologies, including the Bayer process and the use of corrosives.
3. electrolyseAlumina obtained in the previous step is converted into aluminum by electrolysis. In this process, alumina as an electrolyte is placed in an electric furnace and decomposed by an electric current, resulting in high purity aluminum.
4. Refinement of aluminum: In this step, aluminum is purified from alloys and pollutants by methods such as tempering using physical and chemical processes. This stage is used to improve the characteristics and quality of aluminum.
These steps described only a summary of the ingot production process. For more detailed information, refer to authoritative sources such as scientific articles or industry sources.
What is the use of aluminum ingot?
Aluminum ingot, as one of the important aluminum products, is used in various industries. These ingots are produced in the form of pressed cans with standard dimensions, and below you can see some of the uses of aluminum ingots:
1. The automotive industry: Due to its light weight and suitable mechanical properties, ingot is used in the production of car parts such as body, door and hood, cooling systems and other components.
2. Air and space industry: Due to its light weight and anti-corrosion properties, aluminum ingots are used in the manufacture of aircraft parts, satellites and other space devices, including vectors and power systems.
3. Packaging Industry: Due to the outstanding properties of aluminum such as resistance to moisture and corrosion, aluminum ingots are used in the packaging industry in the production of cans, bottles and packaging containers.
4. Electricity and electronics: Due to its good electrical properties, aluminum ingots are used in making cables, electrical components, radiators and cooling systems.
5. building industry: Ingots are used in buildings to produce windows, doors, roofs, facades, frames and various patterns.
4. Food and beverage industry: Due to its anti-corrosion properties, resistance to heat and cooling, aluminum ingots are used in the production of beverage cans and bottles, as well as in the food container industry.
This is only a part of the applications of ingots and it is also used in other industries such as marine industry, chemical industry and sports industry. In general, aluminum ingot is used in many industries of the world as a versatile material with outstanding physical and chemical properties.
How is aluminum ingot used in the furnace to produce products:
Aluminum is used as a raw material to produce products in industrial furnaces. The process of using aluminum ingots in furnaces generally includes the following steps:
1. Furnace preparation: First, the furnace is prepared for the process. This includes cleaning the furnace, checking the temperature, and controlling the furnace components. Heating and heat transfer systems are also prepared to provide the right temperature in the furnace.
2. Aluminum loading: At this stage, aluminum ingots are loaded into the furnace. The ingots are placed in the furnace in order and in layers so that the air flow and heat are properly and homogeneously distributed along the length of the furnace.
3. Aluminum smelting: After loading the ingots, the furnace is heated to melt the aluminum ingots. At this stage, with the increase in temperature, the aluminum ingots melt and become molten and liquid.
4. Forming process: By turning aluminum ingots into liquid form, various products can be produced, including metal parts, steels, castings, and many others using molds and moldings.
5. Cooling and exiting the product: After the termination of the forming process, the remaining products in the oven are cooled down to reach the ambient temperature. Then, they are taken out of the furnace and ready for the next steps of the manufacturing process.
In each stage of the furnace, it is very important to control the temperature, pressure, time and air flow so that the process is done correctly and products with the desired quality and specifications are produced.
Iranian metallurgical pioneers company announces its readiness to supply domestic and export aluminum ingots and is ready to enter into long-term contracts.