پیشروان صنعت
  • تامین کننده صادر کننده
ذغال سنگ در کشور

Iranian metallurgical industry leader company with more than a decade of experience in the field of supplying and exporting coal in Iran

This company is active in supplying and exporting various types of coal.

Iranian metallurgical industry leader company with the best price and best quality

Ready to provide advice and sign contracts with reputable factories inside and outside the country at high and specified rates

Anthracite coal, comprehensive introduction to anthracite coal

What is anthracite coal and what elements does it consist of?

Anthracite coal It is a type of coal that is found naturally in some parts of the world. Anthracite is an advanced form of coal and has a very high carbon content.

Anthracite coal It is an organic material that was formed millions of years ago as a result of biological and geographical processes from irreversible plants and plant by-products. This type of coal has a higher carbon content than other types of coal and is very dense and hard due to chemical processes and high pressure applied to it over time.

In addition to carbon, anthracite coal contains elements such as iron, sulfur, calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and lead. به دلیل محتوای آهن بالا در ذغال سنگ انتراسیت، ممکن است باعث تشکیل رسوبات آهنی در فرآیندهای صنعتی شود. Also, its sulfur content can lead to the production of polluting gases caused by metabolism. Therefore, in the use ofAnthracite coal It should be proper management of pollutants and appropriate treatment technologiesتوجه شود.

Chemical elements and constituents of anthracite coal

Anthracite coal is composed of the following chemical elements:

  • carbon (C):The carbon content in anthracite coal is very high and often makes up more than 90% by weight.
  • Hydrogen (H): Contains small amounts of hydrogen.
  • Nitrogen(N): There is a small amount of nitrogen in anthracite coal.
  • sulfur (S): Anthracite coal usually contains a small amount of sulfur.
  • oxygen (O):Contains a small amount of oxygen.
  • ferro (Fe): Fine particles of iron may be present in anthracite coal.
  • minerals: Minerals such as silica, alumina, calcium carbonate, and other minerals are commonly present in anthracite coal, but their amounts may vary.
  • These chemical elements generally constitute the main components of anthracite coal. The exact amount and composition of these elements can vary depending on the type and mining area of ​​anthracite coal

What is the use of anthracite coal?

Due to its special characteristics, anthracite coal has many uses in industry and other fields. Below I mention some applications of anthracite coal:

1. Electricity production: coal anthracite It is used as a strategic fuel source in the power generation industry. By burning it in thermal power plants, steam is produced, which then rotates turbines and electricity is generated.

2. تولید گاز طبیعی: coal antheracite It is used in the gasification process to produce natural gas. In this process, using heat and pressure, anthracite coal produces gases such as methane and butane, which are used in various industries, especially the chemical industry.

3. Steel industries:coal antheracite It is used as a carbon source. In steelmaking processes, anthracite is used as a carbon mass to be used in the oxygen depletion process and to provide the carbon required for steel production.

4. Production of coke: coal antheracite It is used as the main ingredient in the production of coke. Coke is a carbon mass that is used in processes such as steelmaking, aluminum making, and the production of other iron products.

5. Heating and cooling: coal antheracite It is also used in heating and cooling systems. For example, in central heating systems, anthracite coal is used as a heat source. Also, anthracite may be used in cooling and refrigerator systems.

In summary, coal antheracite Due to its high carbon content and special characteristics, it is used in electricity generation, natural gas production, steelmaking industries, coke production, and heating and cooling systems. However, it should be noted that the use of antheraciteDue to air pollution and its environmental effects, it needs proper treatment and management technologies.

Anthracite coal and its properties

This mineral has important properties and characteristics that make it an outstanding fuel and industrial resource. Some properties of anthracite coal are:

1. High carbon content: This mineral It has a very high carbon content, usually more than 90%. This characteristic makes it a fuel with high efficiency and the ability to produce more heat than other types of coal.

2. High density: This mineral It has a very high density due to the high pressure applied to it over time. This feature makes it a fuel with a long life and the ability to maintain it for a long time.

3. Stability in fueling: This mineralIt burns more slowly and more steadily than other types of coal. This means longer heat generation in fueling processes, resulting in higher efficiency.

4. Reducing the emission of polluting gases:Due to the lower content of sulfur than other types of coal,This mineral It produces less polluting gases due to metabolism. This feature improves the ambient air quality.

Due to these properties, this mineral is widely used as a high efficiency and stable fuel in power generation industries, steelmaking industries, natural gas production, coke production, and industrial heating and cooling systems.

The difference between thermal coal and anthracite coal

Thermal coaland antheracite There are two different types of coal and differences in properties and uses They exist.

1. Carbon content:Thermal coal usually has a lower carbon content than anthracite coal. While anthracite coal has a very high carbon content, which makes it a type of limestone.

2. Fueling capability: Thermal coal has a higher fueling speed than anthracite due to its lower carbon content. This means that thermal coal burns quickly and produces heat, while anthracite burns more slowly and more steadily.

3. Density and hardness: Anthracite coal has a higher density and hardness than thermal coal due to the high pressure applied to it over time. These characteristics make anthracite to be used as a fuel with longer life and higher efficiency in industrial processes.

4. Applications: Thermal coal is used as fuel in domestic heating systems, cooking and outdoor heating. On the other hand, anthracite coal is used as an energy source in power generation, natural gas production, steelmaking, coke production, and industrial heating systems.

Each of these typesCoal Due to their special features and applications, they are used in different industries and uses. To select the most appropriate type of coal for each application, factors such as heat demand, efficiency, fuel life, environmental laws and regulations, and other technical conditions must be considered.

The explanations we have discussed so far, about anthracite coal and its properties. This mineral with high carbon content, high density, stability in fueling and reducing the emission of polluting gases, is known as a high efficiency fuel and can be used in various industries.

The use of this mineral in the power generation, steelmaking, natural gas production, coke production and industrial heating and cooling systems is very useful due to its longer fueling capability, high efficiency and reduction of air pollution.

However, it should be noted that the use of anthracite coal It still requires proper treatment and management technologies to reduce air pollution and its environmental impacts. Also, consider thermal needs, environmental laws and regulations, and technical conditions in choosing the right type anthracite coal it’s too important.

Generally, antheracite coal As an energy source with unique properties, it is used in various industries and can help improve efficiency and reduce environmental pollution.

آنالیز ذغال سنگ آنتراسیت

TYPE 3TYPE 2TYPE 1عناصر
70-75%Min80%Min85%Minکربن (C)
20-22%Max12-16%Max10-12%Maxخاکستر (ASH)
7-12%Max5-8%Max4%Maxمواد فرار (V)
2-2.5%Max2%Max1.5%Maxرطوبت (M)
1%Max1%Max1%Maxگوگرد (S)
0-5/1-3/2-6/5-300-5/1-3/2-6/5-300-5/1-3/2-6/5-30سایز (SIZE)