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pishrovan sanat metallurgy iranian company With more than a decade of experience in the supply and import of graphite electrodes

This company is active in supplying and importing various types of graphite electrodes.

pishrovan sanat companyWith the best price and best quality

Ready to provide advice and sign contracts with reputable factories inside and outside the country at high and specified rates

Graphite electrode, a complete introduction to the electrode

Graphite electrodeThey play a very important role in electrochemical, industrial and energy technologies.

Graphite electrodeIt is one of the types of electrodes that is used in many industrial and scientific applications due to its unique features.

The largest electrode manufacturers in the world

1. Sinxiang Graphite Company (Sinosteel Corporation) from China
2. Tokai Carbon Company from Japan
3. Graphite India Company from India
4. Graphite Tech Company (Graphite Electrode Sales) from the United States of America
5. Graphite Tech Company (Graphite Electrode Sales) from Canada

Note that this list may change over time, as graphite electrode manufacturers may vary, and the order and ranking of companies may change due to market changes and other factors.

Graphite electrode properties

Electrical conductivity: The electrode has very high electrical properties that allow the transfer of electricity to liquids and gases.

Chemical resistance: The anti-corrosion property of the electrode against oxidation and corrosion makes it a suitable option for applications that face harsh and chemical conditions.

Thermal stability:The electrode can withstand very high temperatures (typically up to 3000°C) and provide excellent performance in applications such as jet engines and aluminum production.

Stability after burning:After burning the electrode, its structure does not change and hence, it can be used in the production of repeated processes.

Applications of graphite electrode:

Electrochemical industries:In industries such as metal electrolysis, the electrode is very compatible with acids and alkalis and is used as a cathode or anode.

Steel industry: The electrode is used in processes such as electric arc and steel melting.

Aluminum industry: In processes such as aluminum electrolysis,Graphite electrode It is used as an anode.

Chemical industry: The electrode is used in the production of some chemicals such as chlorine and hydrogen.

Future developments in the field of graphite electrode

Improved properties: Several attempts are made to improve electrode properties, including improving electrical conductivity and chemical resistance.

New applications:The use of electrodes in new technologies, such as lithium-graphene batteries, supercapacitors and sensor electrodes, is on the research agenda.

Environmental sustainability: Efforts will continue to develop the electrode with consideration of the environment and the use of sustainable resources.

Conclusion:Due to its unique properties and applications, the electrode is known as one of the important electrodes in the electrochemical industry and technology. With the development of technology and exploitation of new potentials, we can expect that the electrode will experience improvements and new applications in the future and play an important role in the progress of industry and science.

Graphite electrode size and shape:

The electrode is produced in the form of a pen or cylinder. Their sizes vary depending on the desired application and technical needs. Graphite electrode sizes may be in different ranges, from small diameters to larger diameters used as large industrial electrodes. Also, the length of the electrode may also be different and is determined depending on the application needs.

Chemical and physical elements of graphite electrode:

electrode from graphiteIt is synthetically prepared from natural samples of graphiteد. The main chemical elements in the electrode are carbon (in the form of graphite), which usually contains at least 99% carbon. Also, it may contain common elements such as sulfur, nitrogen and iron, which are small compounds in the structure of the electrode.

about Physical properties، The electrode has very high electrical properties. It has excellent electrical conductivity and is able to transmit electrical current with the lowest possible resistance. Also, it has good chemical resistance against oxidation and corrosion and can work stably at very high temperatures. The electrode structure is very solid and continuous and usually has a graphite crystal structure.

Graphite electrode production method:

Electrode production is done through the graphitization process, which generally includes two main steps:

1. Pre-sharpening: At this stage, the raw materials include Graphite powderand additives (such as bitumen and resin) are combined. and additives (such as bitumen and resin) are combined.

2. Forming process: In this step, the synthetic graphite is shaped into a pen or cylinder. This shaping can be done through pressing or casting using suitable molds. Then, the electrodes undergo a furnace process at high temperature under pressure to obtain their final graphite structure.

From other methods for production electrodesare used, including the reactive casting method and the semi-fluid forming method. These methods may be used depending on specific needs and applications.

Graphite electrode and its importance in steel industry

The electrode is very important in the steel industry. In steelmaking, processes such as electric arc and steel melting use electrodes. In the following, some of the roles and importance of the electrode in the steel industry are examined:

1. Electric arc: Electric arc is one of the main processes in steel production. In this process, the electrode is used as a negative electrode (cathode). An electric arc is used to melt or heat steel. The electrode with very high temperature tolerance, chemical resistance and high electrical conductivity is used as a suitable electrode for electric arc in steelmaking.

2. Steel melting: In the steel melting process, the electrode is used as an anode. In this process, the oxidation of various metals such as iron and iron alloys is done using electrodes. Electrode with high chemical resistance against oxidation and corrosion is the most suitable option for this process.

3. Long life: The electrode has a long life and can be used in repeated processes. This feature reduces electrode replacement and maintenance costs and increases productivity in the steel industry.

4. Electrical conductivity:The electrode has a very high electrical conductivity. This feature helps to transfer electric current with the lowest possible resistance. In processes such as electric arcing, which require a strong electric current, the electrode is used as a suitable electrode with superior performance.

5. Compatibility with high temperature: The electrode with the ability to withstand high temperatures up to 4000 degrees Celsius, is suitable for thermal processes in the steel industry. This feature makes the electrode efficient in processes such as electric arcing and steel melting, and easily adapts to very high temperatures.

Generally, electrode It is known as a key element in the steel industry, and due to its many characteristics, it plays a very important role in steel production processes and increasing productivity.

Graphite electrode specification table