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Carbon material

Carbon material

Carbon is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. The word carbon is derived from the Latin word carbo [a] which means coal. This element, which is classified as a non-metal, is tetravalent, meaning it has four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. Carbon is from the fourteenth group in the periodic table and has three natural isotopes. These isotopes are carbon-12 and carbon-13, which are stable isotopes, and carbon-14 is considered a radioactive isotope, and its decay half-life is about 5730 years. From ancient times to 1699 AD, only thirteen elements had been identified by humans, and carbon was one of them.
In terms of abundance, carbon is the 15th element in the earth’s crust and the fourth element in the universe after hydrogen, helium and oxygen. The abundance of carbon, the unique variety of organic compounds made from it, and the ability to form resin at common temperatures accessible on Earth, make this element exist as a common element in all known forms of life. In terms of mass, this element is the second element in the human body, after oxygen, and it constitutes about 18.5% of the mass of the human body.


Ferroalloys is a term used to identify various iron alloys with a high proportion of one or more other elements. Ferroalloys is a term used to identify various iron alloys with a high proportion of one or more other elements. Iranian Metallurgical Industry Leaders Company (PICO) is the provider of the best and highest quality ferroalloy in the country. For example, Cr, Al, Mn, Mo, etc., which are used in the production of various steels and alloys and are closely related to iron and steel industries. An alloy of iron (less than 50%) and one or more other metals is important as a source of various metallic elements in the production of alloy steels. The main ferroalloys are ferromanganese, ferrochromium, ferromolybdenum, ferrotitanium, ferrovanadium, ferrosilicon, ferrobron, and ferrophosphorus. These materials are brittle and unsuitable for direct use in manufacturing products, but they are useful sources of these elements for alloy steels. Ferroalloys typically have lower melting ranges than pure elements and can be more easily incorporated into molten steel. They are added to liquid steel to achieve a specific chemical composition and provide properties required for the production of certain products. They are actually used in all steels. For example, plain carbon, stainless, alloy, electrical, tool, etc.

carbon brush (industrial coal)

Coal is used in most electrical appliances, especially in household appliances such as washing machines, vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, hair dryers, juicers, blenders, etc. It may be unbelievable to you if you know that these coals are widely used in trains, car stators, engines of industrial factories, dynamos, etc. Also, graphite coals are used in small and large electrical tools such as concrete drills, stone cutters, mini milling cutters, and milling cutters. Forging, polishing machine, all kinds of drills, etc., and most industrial equipment has many uses. This part is placed inside the engine of electrical devices and tools, and because graphite charcoal is a consumable part, it should be said that it is a kind of consumable spare parts in the engine, it is less known.
The production of carbon and graphite parts requires special and advanced tools and machines that also require special technical knowledge. Most importantly, they require precise machining with very high precision.

Specialized graphite pieces

The most important application of high-density graphite in the continuous casting process is to make casting molds. In order to choose the right grade for designing and making a graphite mold, it is very important to check the basic requirements for the intended application. Some of these requirements include the composition of the cast metal or alloy, the type and dimensions of the graphite mold, the finishing processes required for the cast product, the type of casting process (vertical or horizontal) and its temperature, and the approximate duration of the casting process.

Graphite bushes

Casting crucibles are cone-shaped refractory tanks that are used to heat materials. They have a very high resistance to heat and do not change their structure. Also, these bushes have high breaking strength for better resistance to mechanical shocks and excellent resistance to oxidation.
Graphite transducers

Graphite is one of the stable allotropes of carbon, which is easier to machine than other non-metals. The unique properties of graphite, including high thermal conductivity and excellent corrosion resistance, have led to the widespread use of this material in converters. Graphite heat exchangers are divided into three categories: shell and tube exchangers, cube exchangers and plate exchangers. Graphite heat exchangers are widely used in evaporators, condensers, acid environments, organic or inorganic environments, etc.

Graphite shaft, graphite rotor, graphite tube, graphite pencil, graphite rod, special graphite blocks, sparking coals, graphite dry vacuum pump blade and sizer of graphite products such as graphite blocks with antimony, graphite blocks with resin and graphite blocks Silicon carbide